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  • ATLANTIC PUFFIN (Fratercula arctica)

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    ATLANTIC PUFFIN (Fratercula arctica)

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    Puffins are part of the Auk family of seabirds that also include razorbills and guillemots. They can fly, swim, and dig burrows and are one of three species of puffin in the world. Over half the world’s population of Puffins comes to Iceland to breed. Iceland also has the largest Atlantic Puffin colony in the world. The Westmann Islands in the south has about 700,000 nesting pairs.

    There are two puffin colonies close to Reykjavik City Akurey/Lundey Island, which we visit between mid May and August. There are roughly 12,000 pairs on Akurey and 10,000 pairs on Lundey.

    Puffin populations and the populations of other seabirds in the south of Iceland have been decreasing over the last few years due to the lack of sandeels in the bay caused by increasing water temperatures.

    Average Length:

    30 cm

    Average Weight:

    400 g

    Wingspan:

    55 cm

    Diet:

    Sandeels, capelin and herring

    Est. population around Iceland:

    ~ 2 - 3,000,000 pairs (10,000,000 in autumn)

    Residence Period:

    April – Mid September

    Nesting habitat:

    Dug out dirt burrows on small islands or cliffs

    Nesting Period:

    May to mid July

    Clutch size (No eggs):

    1

    Incubation time (days):

    36-43

    Fledging time:

    34-44

    Typical life span (years):

    18

    Age at first breeding (years):

    5

    IUCN world Status:

    Least concern

    Major Threats:

    Climate change, hunting, over fishing, entanglement in fishing gear, predation, kleptoparasitism, pollution, habitat destruction.

    Lundi, Buthaid, Pâl, Lunde, Lunni, Papageitaucher, Pulcinella di mare, Maskonurzwyczajny, Papegaaiduiker, Macareuxmoine, Papagaio-do-mar, Lunnefågel